Daily life provides many situations in which a traumatic brain injury (TBI) may occur. But driving is one of the most common potential causes, due to the possibility of a driver getting involved in a crash.
If this happens, the signs of a TBI may start to show right away. In that case, it is important for third parties such as passengers and bystanders to know how to identify TBI signs. This allows you to get quick medical care, which can make a world of difference.
Behavioral and mental manifestations
Mayo Clinic examines the way TBIs manifest in drivers. Many TBIs manifest in one of three categories: behavioral, mental or physical. Behaviorally, victims may act in erratic and strange ways that seemingly go against what you know of their personalities. For example, they may display anger or lash out at those trying to help. They may also seem easily overwhelmed by their own emotions, leading to breakdowns and crying.
Mentally, confusion will often serve as your biggest red flag. They might not remember what happened leading up to the crash. They may not even recall where they were going or why. In some severe cases, they can forget even more basic information such as the year or even their own name.
Potential physical signs
You will likely have the easiest time identifying physical signs. This can include migraines, nausea, trouble balancing or numbness in the extremities. Look for fluid leaking from the ears or nose too, along with uneven dilation of the pupils.
If you notice any such signs, seek immediate medical care. Quick action is the best way to lower the chance of a TBI creating long-term damage.